What is lesbianism?

Lesbianism is the emotional and sexual attraction between women. It is a form of homosexuality in which a woman is physically and romantically attracted to another woman. The term "lesbian" is used to describe a lesbian woman or girl.

The concept of lesbianism has existed throughout history, although it has not always been socially acceptable. In fact, female homosexuality in the early 20th century was culturally unacceptable. However, over time, attitudes toward lesbianism have changed and it is now more widely accepted. Lesbianism is often associated with certain cultural elements, such as music, fashion, and social events. These elements are sometimes referred to as "lesbian culture". Some examples include wearing flannel shirts, listening to indie music, and attending LGBTQ+ events.

Other names for lesbians

Lesbians have a variety of names used to identify them." Lesbians" and "lesbians" are the two most commonly heard labels, the latter being a more casual label sometimes considered derogatory.LGBT+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) and WLW (women who love women) are terms used specifically for lesbians The terms "lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender" (LGBT+) and "female-loving-woman" (WLW) are exclusively lesbian terms. Lipstick lesbian," "gay male," and "lesbian" are terms used to distinguish between different types of lesbians based on their appearance or interests. In addition, those who prefer not to conform to traditional gender roles may use the term "non-binary lesbian" to describe themselves. Overall, regardless of the label used, lesbians deserve respect and acceptance in all settings.

Lesbian and Gay Demographics

How many lesbians are there in the world?

According to a report by the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law, approximately 3.5% adults in the United States identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB). However, this number may not be accurate because some people may be reluctant to disclose their sexual orientation due to social discrimination.

A Gallup News survey found that 7.1% American adults identify as LGBT in 2021, up from 4.5% in 2017. this increase can be attributed to greater acceptance and visibility of LGBT individuals in society.

Globally, it is estimated that approximately 83% people identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual and hide their sexual orientation for fear of discrimination and persecution.

Lesbian and Gay Population Statistics by Country

The prevalence of lesbianism varies from country to country due to cultural and social factors. In some countries where homosexuality is criminalized or stigmatized, it can be a challenge for individuals to come out publicly and express their sexual orientation.

In Europe, Sweden has one of the highest proportions of lesbians at 6%, followed by Norway at 5%. In Asia, Taiwan has one of the highest proportions at 4%, while Japan has one of the lowest proportions at less than 1%.

In Africa and the Middle East, where homosexuality is illegal in many countries, it is difficult to obtain accurate data on lesbian demographics. However, a study conducted by Right Wing Action International estimates that there are more than 9 million lesbians in Africa alone.


Lesbians face unique health challenges that are often overlooked by the mainstream medical establishment. These challenges may be related to their sexual orientation, lifestyle factors, and social discrimination.

Mental Health

Lesbians are at higher risk for mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. This can be attributed to a variety of factors such as discrimination, social isolation, and minority stress. Minority stress refers to the chronic stress experienced by individuals from marginalized groups due to discrimination and stigma.

Sexual Health

Lesbians may also face specific sexual health issues such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and cervical cancer. STIs can be spread through oral sex or sharing sex toys, so lesbians must use toothpicks or other barriers during oral sex and clean thoroughly before using sex toys in order to practice safe sex.

Cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact during sexual intercourse. Lesbians who have never had penetrative sex with men may still be at risk for HPV infection if they have sexual contact with someone who has an active infection.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is another health issue that disproportionately affects lesbians. Studies show that lesbians are less likely than heterosexual women to have regular mammograms because they fear discrimination or do not have access to health care providers who are knowledgeable about lesbian health.


Lesbian flags

LabrysThe flag was created by graphic designer Sean Campbell in 1999 and published in the Palm Springs edition of the Gay Times' Pride magazine in June 2000. The design has a two-headed axe head superimposed on an inverted black triangle on a purple background. In terms of functionality, theLabrysIt is a weapon used by the mythical Amazons. In the 1970s, it was used as a symbol of power by the lesbian feminist community. Unsocial women (including gay women) who were deemed by Nazi Germany to be inconsistent with Nazi ideals of femininity were sentenced to concentration camps and wore inverted black triangular insignia to identify them. Some lesbians reclaimed this symbol, just as gay men reclaimed the pink triangle (although lesbians were not listed in paragraph 175 of the German Penal Code). The color violet is associated with lesbians through Sappho's poetry.

The lipstick lesbian flag was proposed in 2010 in the web blog "The Life of a Lesbian". The design features a red kiss in the left corner, superimposed on seven stripes in six shades of red and pink, with a white horizontal stripe in the center. The lipstick lesbian flag represents a "more feminine expression of gender for lesbians" but has not been widely adopted. Some lesbians consider the lipstick flag to be homophobic, while others oppose its use because of controversial comments posted by the flag's designer on her blog.

The "pink" lesbian flag is derived from the lipstick lesbian flag, but with the lipstick kiss removed.

Blogger Emily Gwynne launched an "orange and pink" lesbian flag on Tumblr in 2018, based on the seven-color pink flag. The colors include dark orange for "gender nonconformity," orange for "independence," light orange for "community," and white for "a relationship with a woman's unique relationship" white, pink for "tranquility and peace", dusty pink for "love and sexuality", and dark rose color. Soon, a version of the five-color flag was derived from the colors of 2018